The Difference Between a Swamp Cooler and an Air Conditioning Unit

In most parts of the country having a cooling system for your home is more than just a desire, but almost even a necessity these days.  This is especially true if you live in an environment that gets really warm, whether high or low humidity.  So what options do you have to keep yourself and your family cool during your warmer months?  Essentially, the choices come down to purchasing an air conditioning unit or a swamp cooler.

Air conditioning units are great because they can connect into the home venting system to pump the cooler air throughout your entire home.  As such, you just need to ensure you purchase a unit with enough horsepower to have the capacity to cool your home based on the total square footage.  You can control the air conditioning unit with your home thermostat.  If you purchase the smart thermostats you can even control them remotely to set the temperature warmer when not at home, but cooled to the perfect temperature for your arrival.  Full air conditioning units are usually placed outside your home, tucked on the side or an out of the way location where it can tap into the venting system.  Since they are tucked out of sight, they generally do not become an eye sore or get in the way of how you use your yard.  However, you also have a larger component in your home tied to your furnace, in the basement or closet.  You can also get smaller air conditioning units that hang from your window.  Depending on the size of the room will determine the BTU for cooling efficiency.

Swamp coolers are frequently mounted to your windows.  They generally are not powerful or efficient enough to cool your entire home (unless you are living in a smaller place), therefore you may find you need to purchase more than one swamp cooler to adequately cool each of the rooms in your home.  As they are mounted to your windows they generally will not get in the way of your yard space.  However, they are not very attractive, either from inside the home where it impedes your outside view, or from the outside of your home where you have these unattractive boxes hanging from your windows.

Both air conditioning units and swamp coolers do a great job in making your home environment more comfortable.  But here are a couple things you should consider when weighing your options:

Generally the air conditioning units are quieter than swamp coolers.  This is because the velocity of the air coming through the duct to cool your room is a loud wind sound from a swamp cooler.  With the air conditioners you have the larger fan isolated somewhere in your home with the condenser being place outside your home.  The swamp coolers also need to have a sufficient water supply and filters that need replacing on a regular basis, whereas the air conditioning unit only needs a filter approximately every 6 months with minimum maintenance.  It is suggested that you have the air conditioning condenser looked at approximately once a year.  This will also include maintenance to your heater coils as once condensed unit.

One of the comforts of an air conditioning unit over a swamp cooler is the air is generally drier, even if you connect a humidifier to it so you don’t dry out too much (though this typically runs more during the winter months when the heater is running).  The swamp cooler will provide a more humid environment as a whole since it works by pumping humidity into the air.

Written by APM Construction Services, a construction and home maintenance company that is the best choice for heating and cooling Columbia, MO has to offer.